Hafiz Taha Mahmood1 , Imtiaz Ahmed2 , Gul-e-Erum3 , Hana Pervez4
1. Department of Orthodontic DIKIOHS, Karachi, Pakistan
2. Associate Professor, Head of Department of Orthodontic, DIKIOHS, Karachi, Pakistan.
3. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontic, DIKIOHS, Karachi, Pakistan.
4. Department of Orthodontic, DIKIOHS, Karachi, Pakistan.
*Corresponding author: “Dr Hana Pervez "
Received: 11 May 2015, Accepted: 26 October 2015
Volume 24, Issue 3 (July - September 2015)
To evaluate lip esthetics by changing in the vermillion height as perceived by orthodontists, orthodontic resident and patients.
The Images were constructed by increasing and decreasing the vermillion heights in the increments of 0.5mm from -2.0mm to +2.0mm from average vermillion height. Overall 9 images were constructed and rated by 10 orthodontists, aged 32 to 45 years, 31 orthodontic residents, aged from 25 to 35 years, and 46 orthodontic patients, aged from 15 to 35 years, on visual analogue scale.
There were variations among the three groups; orthodontist, orthodontic residents and orthodontic patients in the median esthetic scores, assigned to nine vermillion heights. The participants found images -0.5mm, 0mm and +0.5mm most attractive and the images -2mm, -1.5mm and +2mm least attractive.
Images with or near the average vermillion height was considered to be attractive by orthodontist,orthodontic residents and patients. The ranges of vermillion heights preferred by orthodontists and orthodontic patients were similar. Majority of male preferred 0mm while female respondents showed a broader tolerance for vermilion height.
Lip esthetics, Vermillion height, Pakistani.
How to CITE:
Mahmood HT, Ahmed I, Erum G, Pervez H. Evaluation of lip esthetics by changing the vermillion height as perceived by orthodontists, orthodontic residents and patients. J Pak Dent Assoc 2015;24(3):140-144.