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Oral Health Disparities Among 12- 15 Years Children Of India And Pakistan – A Cross Border Comparison
Ambrina Qureshi1 , Manu Batra2 , Madiha Pirvani3 , Aeeza Malik4 , Aasim Farooq Shah5 , Mudit Gupta6

1. Associate Professor & Head, Department of Community & Preventive Dentistry, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
2. Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Surendra Dental College and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India.
3. Assistant Professor, Department of Dental Materials, Dr. Ishrat-ul- Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
4. Department of Community & Preventive Dentistry, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
5. Department of Public Health Dentistry, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad Uttar Pradesh, India.
6. Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Uttaranchal Dental & Medical Research Institute, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
* Corresponding author: “Dr Ambrina Qureshi ” < ambrina.qureshi@duhs.edu.pk >


Volume 23, Issue 4 (October - December 2014)

Open Access

ABSTRACT:

India and Pakistan are two neighbouring countries of South-East Asia, not only sharing common border but also socio-demographics, eating habits, cultural and climatic conditions. All these factors have an impact on general and oral health of individuals. This study was conducted with an aim to compare the oral health awareness and dental caries status among school going children of India and Pakistan.

METHODOLOGY:

Across-sectional study was conducted among children aged 12-15 years attending government schools of Moradabad and Karachi cities of India and Pakistan respectively. A two-stage sampling technique was used to produce representative samples from each location based on probability proportional to enrolment size (PPE). Selected participants were interviewed using a close-ended, pre-tested questionnaire for assessing oral health awareness followed by dental examination at respective locations using DMFT Index.

RESULTS:

A total of 809 school children, 409 from India and 400 from Pakistan were examined. Mean DMFT of India was found to be 1.9 ± 1.46 and that of Pakistan was 1.00 ± 1.57.
CONCLUSIONS:

An increase in decayed component in comparison to the overall DMFT in both the countries indicate the need of care, less utilization of available care, unavailability of care and ignorance. There is a need to change the attitude and knowledge about dental health care in these developing countries to cope up with the lack of resources and still have a better dental health.

KEYWORDS:

Child Dental health, Dental Caries, Oral Health.

How to CITE:

Qureshi A, Batra M, Pirvani M, Malik A, Shah AF, Gupta M. Oral Health disparities among 12- 15 years children of India and Pakistan – A cross border comparison. J Pak Dent Assoc 2014; 23(4):170-174